[1]何江玲.基因编辑技术背后的伦理道德问题及其对策[J].佛山科学技术学院学报社科版,2020,(05):035-39.
 HE Jiang-ling.Ethical and Moral Issues Behind the Gene Editing Technology and its Countermeasures[J].,2020,(05):035-39.
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基因编辑技术背后的伦理道德问题及其对策
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《佛山科学技术学院学报》社科版[ISSN:1006-6977/CN:61-1281/TN]

卷:
期数:
2020年05期
页码:
035-39
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-09-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Ethical and Moral Issues Behind the Gene Editing Technology and its Countermeasures
文章编号:
1008-018X(2020)05-0035-05
作者:
何江玲
(哈尔滨师范大学 马克思主义学院,黑龙江 哈尔滨 150000)
Author(s):
HE Jiang-ling
(School of Marxism, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150000, China)
关键词:
基因编辑技术伦理道德
Keywords:
gene editing technology ethics people
分类号:
B82-057
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
基因编辑技术一词,在生物学、医学、社会学,等多个领域都备受关注。 近几年科研工作者对人类胚胎基因很是重 视,但这也让许多社会学家对基因编辑技术背后引发的道德伦理问题担忧不已。 把人类胚胎基因用基因编辑技术编辑之 后,基因本身的完整性、人类社会的公平性、子孙后代的知情权与选择权等一系列人权问题都面临着挑战。 为此,我们不 仅要从人的自然属性出发去研究基因编辑技术,也要注意到从人的社会属性出发,有效规避基因编辑技术有可能带来的 麻烦。
Abstract:
The term gene editing technology has attracted much attention in many fields such as biology, medicine, and sociology. The advantage is that it has broad prospects for development, and there is a lot of room for appreciation. Its hidden danger is the risk of gene editing technology itself. This feature has also caused constant disputes over gene editing technology. In recent years, scientific researchers have attached great importance to human embryo genes. The gene-edited baby incident has attracted everyone’s attention, but this has also caused many sociologists to worry about the moral and ethical issues behind gene editing technology. After the human embryo gene is edited with gene editing technology, a series of human rights issues such as the integrity of the gene itself, the fairness of human society, the right to know and the right of choice for future generations are facing challenges. For this reason, we must not only study gene editing technology based on the natural attributes of people, but also pay attention to the possible troubles that may be caused by effective evasive gene editing technology from the perspective of the social genus of people.

参考文献/References:

[1]李宁.“基因编辑婴儿案”贺建奎因非法行医罪被判三年[EB/OL]. 中国法院网[, 2019-12-30]. https://www. chinacourt. org/a rticle/detail/2019/12/id/4750322. shtml. [2]马克思, 恩格斯. 马克思恩格斯文集:第 1 卷[M]. 北京: 人民出版社, 2009: 501. [3]陶应时, 罗成翼. 人类胚胎基因编辑的伦理悖论及其化解之道[J]. 自然辩证法通讯, 2018(2): 86-90. [4]邱仁宗, 翟晓梅, 雷瑞鹏. 可遗传基因组编辑引起的伦理和治理挑战[J]. 医学与哲学, 2019(2): 4-6. [5]徐娟. 基因编辑婴儿技术的社会风险及其法律规制[J]. 山东大学学报: 社会科学版, 2020(2): 98-107

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2020-08-29 作者简介:何江玲(1995-),女,甘肃天水人,哈尔滨师范大学马克思主义哲学专业 2019 级硕士研究生,从事科技哲学学习与研究。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-10-10